16500. Subject to subdivision (d) of Section 16501, a trustee may
give a notice of proposed action regarding a matter governed by
Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 16200) or Chapter 3 (commencing
with Section 16320) as provided in this chapter. For the purpose of
this chapter, a proposed action includes a course of action or a
decision not to take action. This chapter does not preclude an
application or assertion of any other rights or remedies available to
an interested party as otherwise provided in this part regarding an
action to be taken or not to be taken by the trustee.
16501. (a) The trustee who elects to provide notice pursuant to
this chapter shall mail notice of the proposed action to each of the
(1) A beneficiary who is receiving, or is entitled to receive,
income under the trust, including a beneficiary who is entitled to
receive income at the discretion of the trustee.
(2) A beneficiary who would receive a distribution of principal if
the trust were terminated at the time the notice is given.
(b) Notice of proposed action is not required to be given to a
person who consents in writing to the proposed action. The consent
may be executed at any time before or after the proposed action is
(c) A trustee is not required to provide a copy of the notice of
proposed action to a beneficiary who is known to the trustee but who
cannot be located by the trustee after reasonable diligence or who is
unknown to the trustee.
(d) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, the
trustee may not use a notice of proposed action in any of the
(1) Allowance of the trustee's compensation.
(2) Allowance of compensation of the attorney for the trustee.
(3) Settlement of accounts.
(4) Preliminary and final distributions and discharge.
(5) Sale of property of the trust to the trustee or to the
attorney for the trustee.
(6) Exchange of property of the trust for property of the trustee
or for property of the attorney for the trustee.
(7) Grant of an option to purchase property of the trust to the
trustee or to the attorney for the trustee.
(8) Allowance, payment, or compromise of a claim of the trustee,
or the attorney for the trustee, against the trust.
(9) Compromise or settlement of a claim, action, or proceeding by
the trust against the trustee or against the attorney for the trust.
(10) Extension, renewal, or modification of the terms of a debt or
other obligation of the trustee, or the attorney for the trustee,
owing to or in favor of the trust.
16502. The notice of proposed action shall state that it is given
pursuant to this section and shall include all of the following:
(a) The name and mailing address of the trustee.
(b) The name and telephone number of a person who may be contacted
for additional information.
(c) A description of the action proposed to be taken and an
explanation of the reasons for the action.
(d) The time within which objections to the proposed action can be
made, which shall be at least 45 days from the mailing of the notice
of proposed action.
(e) The date on or after which the proposed action may be taken or
16503. (a) A beneficiary may object to the proposed action by
mailing a written objection to the trustee at the address stated in
the notice of proposed action within the time period specified in the
notice of proposed action.
(b) A trustee is not liable to a beneficiary for an action
regarding a matter governed by this part if the trustee does not
receive a written objection to the proposed action from a beneficiary
within the applicable period and the other requirements of this
section are satisfied. If no beneficiary entitled to notice objects
under this section, the trustee is not liable to any current or
future beneficiary with respect to the proposed action. This
subdivision does not apply to a person who is a minor or an
incompetent adult at the time of receiving the notice of proposed
action unless the notice is served on a guardian or conservator of
the estate of the person.
(c) If the trustee receives a written objection within the
applicable period, either the trustee or a beneficiary may petition
the court to have the proposed action taken as proposed, taken with
modifications, or denied. In the proceeding, a beneficiary objecting
to the proposed action has the burden of proving that the trustee's
proposed action should not be taken. A beneficiary who has not
objected is not estopped from opposing the proposed action in the
(d) If the trustee decides not to implement the proposed action,
the trustee shall notify the beneficiaries of the decision not to
take the action and the reasons for the decision, and the trustee's
decision not to implement the proposed action does not itself give
rise to liability to any current or future beneficiary. A beneficiary
may petition the court to have the action taken, and has the burden
of proving that it should be taken.
16504. This chapter does not require a trustee to use these
procedures prior to taking any action.