3200. As used in this part:
(a) "Health care" means any care, treatment, service, or procedure
to maintain, diagnose, or otherwise affect a patient's physical or
(b) "Health care decision" means a decision regarding the patient'
s health care, including the following:
(1) Selection and discharge of health care providers and
(2) Approval or disapproval of diagnostic tests, surgical
procedures, programs of medication.
(3) Directions to provide, withhold, or withdraw artificial
nutrition and hydration and all other forms of health care, including
(c) "Health care institution" means an institution, facility, or
agency licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized or permitted by
law to provide health care in the ordinary course of business.
(d) "Patient" means an adult who does not have a conservator of
the person and for whom a health care decision needs to be made.
3201. (a) A petition may be filed to determine that a patient has
the capacity to make a health care decision concerning an existing or
(b) A petition may be filed to determine that a patient lacks the
capacity to make a health care decision concerning specified
treatment for an existing or continuing condition, and further for an
order authorizing a designated person to make a health care decision
on behalf of the patient.
(c) One proceeding may be brought under this part under both
subdivisions (a) and (b).
3202. The petition may be filed in the superior court of any of the
(a) The county in which the patient resides.
(b) The county in which the patient is temporarily living.
(c) Such other county as may be in the best interests of the
3203. A petition may be filed by any of the following:
(a) The patient.
(b) The patient's spouse.
(c) A relative or friend of the patient, or other interested
person, including the patient's agent under a power of attorney for
(d) The patient's physician.
(e) A person acting on behalf of the health care institution in
which the patient is located if the patient is in a health care
(f) The public guardian or other county officer designated by the
board of supervisors of the county in which the patient is located or
resides or is temporarily living.
3204. The petition shall state, or set forth by a medical
declaration attached to the petition, all of the following known to
the petitioner at the time the petition is filed:
(a) The condition of the patient's health that requires treatment.
(b) The recommended health care that is considered to be medically
(c) The threat to the patient's condition if authorization for the
recommended health care is delayed or denied by the court.
(d) The predictable or probable outcome of the recommended health
(e) The medically available alternatives, if any, to the
recommended health care.
(f) The efforts made to obtain consent from the patient.
(g) If the petition is filed by a person on behalf of a health
care institution, the name of the person to be designated to give
consent to the recommended health care on behalf of the patient.
(h) The deficit or deficits in the patient's mental functions
listed in subdivision (a) of Section 811 that are impaired, and an
identification of a link between the deficit or deficits and the
patient's inability to respond knowingly and intelligently to queries
about the recommended health care or inability to participate in a
decision about the recommended health care by means of a rational
(i) The names and addresses, so far as they are known to the
petitioner, of the persons specified in subdivision (b) of Section
3205. Upon the filing of the petition, the court shall determine
the name of the attorney the patient has retained to represent the
patient in the proceeding under this part or the name of the attorney
the patient plans to retain for that purpose. If the patient has not
retained an attorney and does not plan to retain one, the court
shall appoint the public defender or private counsel under Section
1471 to consult with and represent the patient at the hearing on the
petition and, if such appointment is made, Section 1472 applies.
3206. (a) Not less than 15 days before the hearing, notice of the
time and place of the hearing and a copy of the petition shall be
personally served on the patient, the patient's attorney, and the
agent under the patient's power of attorney for health care, if any.
(b) Not less than 15 days before the hearing, notice of the time
and place of the hearing and a copy of the petition shall be mailed
to the following persons:
(1) The patient's spouse, if any, at the address stated in the
(2) The patient's relatives named in the petition at their
addresses stated in the petition.
(c) For good cause, the court may shorten or waive notice of the
hearing as provided by this section. In determining the period of
notice to be required, the court shall take into account both of the
(1) The existing medical facts and circumstances set forth in the
petition or in a medical declaration attached to the petition or in a
medical declaration presented to the court.
(2) The desirability, where the condition of the patient permits,
of giving adequate notice to all interested persons.
3207. Notwithstanding Section 3206, the matter presented by the
petition may be submitted for the determination of the court upon
proper and sufficient medical declarations if the attorney for the
petitioner and the attorney for the patient so stipulate and further
stipulate that there remains no issue of fact to be determined.
3208. (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), the court may make
an order authorizing the recommended health care for the patient and
designating a person to give consent to the recommended health care
on behalf of the patient if the court determines from the evidence
all of the following:
(1) The existing or continuing condition of the patient's health
requires the recommended health care.
(2) If untreated, there is a probability that the condition will
become life-endangering or result in a serious threat to the physical
or mental health of the patient.
(3) The patient is unable to consent to the recommended health
(b) In determining whether the patient's mental functioning is so
severely impaired that the patient lacks the capacity to make any
health care decision, the court may take into consideration the
frequency, severity, and duration of periods of impairment.
(c) The court may make an order authorizing withholding or
withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration and all other forms of
health care and designating a person to give or withhold consent to
the recommended health care on behalf of the patient if the court
determines from the evidence all of the following:
(1) The recommended health care is in accordance with the patient'
s best interest, taking into consideration the patient's personal
values to the extent known to the petitioner.
(2) The patient is unable to consent to the recommended health
3208.5. In a proceeding under this part:
(a) Where the patient has the capacity to consent to the
recommended health care, the court shall so find in its order.
(b) Where the court has determined that the patient has the
capacity to consent to the recommended health care, the court shall,
if requested, determine whether the patient has accepted or refused
the recommended health care, and whether the patient's consent to the
recommended health care is an informed consent.
(c) Where the court finds that the patient has the capacity to
consent to the recommended health care, but that the patient refuses
consent, the court shall not make an order authorizing the
recommended health care or designating a person to give consent to
the recommended health care. If an order has been made authorizing
the recommended health care and designating a person to give consent
to the recommended health care, the order shall be revoked if the
court determines that the patient has recovered the capacity to
consent to the recommended health care. Until revoked or modified,
the order is effective authorization for the recommended health care.
3209. The court in which the petition is filed has continuing
jurisdiction to revoke or modify an order made under this part upon a
petition filed, noticed, and heard in the same manner as an original
petition filed under this part.
3210. (a) This part is supplemental and alternative to other
procedures or methods for obtaining consent to health care or making
health care decisions, and is permissive and cumulative for the
relief to which it applies.
(b) Nothing in this part limits the providing of health care in an
emergency case in which the health care is required because (1) the
health care is required for the alleviation of severe pain or (2) the
patient has a medical condition that, if not immediately diagnosed
and treated, will lead to serious disability or death.
(c) Nothing in this part supersedes the right that any person may
have under existing law to make health care decisions on behalf of a
patient, or affects the decisionmaking process of a health care
3211. (a) No person may be placed in a mental health treatment
facility under the provisions of this part.
(b) No experimental drug as defined in Section 111515 of the
Health and Safety Code may be prescribed for or administered to any
person under this part.
(c) No convulsive treatment as defined in Section 5325 of the
Welfare and Institutions Code may be performed on any person under
(d) No person may be sterilized under this part.
(e) The provisions of this part are subject to a valid advance
health care directive under the Health Care Decisions Law, Division
4.7 (commencing with Section 4600).
3212. Nothing in this part shall be construed to supersede or
impair the right of any individual to choose treatment by spiritual
means in lieu of medical treatment, nor shall any individual choosing
treatment by spiritual means, in accordance with the tenets and
practices of that individual's established religious tradition, be
required to submit to medical testing of any kind pursuant to a
determination of capacity.