PROBATE CODE
SECTION 2952-2955




2952.  (a) A peace officer may issue a declaration, as provided in
Section 2954, concerning an elder person if all of the following
conditions are satisfied:
   (1) There is probable cause to believe that the elder person is
substantially unable to manage his or her financial resources or to
resist fraud or undue influence.
   (2) There exists a significant danger that the elder person will
lose all or a portion of his or her property as a result of fraud or
misrepresentations or the mental incapacity of the elder person.
   (3) There is probable cause to believe that a crime is being
committed against the elder person.
   (4) The crime is connected to the inability of the elder person to
manage his or her financial resources or to resist fraud or undue
influence, and that inability is the result of deficits in the elder
person's mental functions.
   (5) The peace officer has consulted with an individual qualified
to perform a mental status examination.
   (b) If the requirements of subdivision (a) are satisfied, the
peace officer may provide a signed declaration to the public guardian
of the county. The declaration provided by the peace officer under
this subdivision shall be signed by both the peace officer and a
supervisor from the county's adult protective services agency. The
declaration shall be transmitted to the public guardian within 24
hours of its being signed, and may be transmitted by facsimile.
   (c) (1) Upon receiving a signed declaration from a peace officer,
the public guardian is authorized to rely on the information
contained in the declaration to take immediate possession or control
of any real or personal property belonging to the elder person
referred to in the declaration, including any property that is held
jointly between the elder person and a third party that is subject to
loss, injury, waste, or misappropriation, and may issue a written
recordable certification of that fact pursuant to this section. The
written recordable certification shall substantially comply with the
following form:

                             "CERTIFICATE OF AUTHORITY

   THIS IS AN OFFICIAL CERTIFICATE ENTITLING THE PUBLIC GUARDIAN TO
TAKE POSSESSION OF ANY AND ALL PROPERTY BELONGING TO THE FOLLOWING
INDIVIDUAL:

                          (Name of Victim) _____________

   This Certificate of Authority has been issued by the Public
Guardian pursuant to and in compliance with the Financial Abuse of
Mentally Impaired Elders statute, Chapter 4 (commencing with Section
2950) of Part 5 of Division 4 of the California Probate Code. Under
California law, this Certificate of Authority authorizes the Public
Guardian to take possession or control of property belonging to the
above-named individual.

   SPECIAL NOTE TO FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS:
   State law requires that upon receiving a copy of this Certificate
of Authority, financial institutions shall provide the public
guardian with information concerning property held by the above-named
individual and surrender the property to the Public Guardian if
requested.

   This Certificate of Authority shall only be valid when signed and
dated by the Public Guardian or a deputy Public Guardian of the
County of _____ and affixed with the official seal of the Public
Guardian below.

   Signature of Public Guardian:
   Date:
   Official Seal"

   (2) The mere issuance of the declaration provided by this section
shall not require the public guardian to take possession or control
of property and shall not require the public guardian to make a
determination that the requirements for the appointment of a
conservator are satisfied.
   (3) The authority provided to the public guardian in paragraph (1)
includes the authority to deny use of, access to, or prohibit
residency in the home of the elder, by anyone who does not have a
written rental agreement or other legal right to the use of, or
access to, the residence, and, subject to the requirements of
subdivision (b) of Section 2900, the authority to terminate the
occupancy of anyone living in the home of the elder person, and the
authority to remove that occupant residing therein.
   (4) The public guardian shall serve, or cause to be served, a copy
of the certification issued pursuant to this section on the elder
person by mail within 24 hours of the execution of the certification,
or as soon thereafter as is practical, in the manner provided in
Chapter 4 (commencing with Section 413.10) of Title 5 of Part 2 of
the Code of Civil Procedure.
   (5) Receipt of a certification issued under this section
constitutes sufficient acquittance to financial institutions and
others in possession of an elder person's property to provide
information and surrender property of the elder person to the public
guardian. Any financial institution or other person who provides
information or surrenders property pursuant to this section shall be
discharged from any liability for any act or omission of the public
guardian with respect to the property.
   (6) A public guardian acting in good faith is not liable when
taking possession or control of property pursuant to this section.
   (7) A certification issued pursuant to this section is valid for
15 days after the date of issuance. Upon ex parte petition to the
superior court, the public guardian may seek additional 15-day
certifications. The court shall grant that petition only if it
determines that the additional certification is necessary to protect
the elder from financial abuse and the elder's property from loss,
injury, waste, or misappropriation.
   (d) (1) If the public guardian takes possession of an elder person'
s property pursuant to this section, the public guardian shall
attempt to find agents pursuant to the use of durable powers of
attorney or successor trustees nominated in trust instruments, or
other persons having legal authority under existing legal
instruments, to manage the elder person's estate.
   (2) If the public guardian is unable to find any appropriate
person to manage the elder person's estate pursuant to paragraph (1),
the public guardian shall attempt to find appropriate family members
willing to manage the elder person's estate. If no documents exist
appointing appropriate fiduciaries, the public guardian shall follow
the priorities set forth in Article 2 (commencing with Section 1810)
of Chapter 1 of Part 3.
   (3) The public guardian shall take the steps described in
paragraphs (1) and (2) within 15 days of taking possession of an
elder person's property pursuant to this section.
   (e) Nothing in this section prevents the county's adult protective
services agency from conducting an investigation regarding the elder
person named in the declaration and providing appropriate services,
in coordination with any actions taken with the public guardian under
this section or an investigation conducted by law enforcement
regarding the elder person.



2953.  (a) (1) A public guardian who has taken possession or control
of the property of an elder person pursuant to this chapter is
entitled to petition a court of competent jurisdiction for the
reasonable costs incurred by the public guardian for the protection
of the person or the property, together with reasonable fees for
services, including, but not limited to, reasonable attorneys' fees.
These fees shall be payable from the estate of the elder person if
the person is not deemed competent by the court and if any of the
following apply:
   (A) The public guardian or someone else is appointed as the
temporary or general conservator of the estate.
   (B) An attorney-in-fact, under a durable power of attorney, or a
trustee, takes steps, or is notified of the need to take steps, to
protect the estate of the elder person.
   (C) An action is brought against the alleged financial abuser by
the elder person, his or her conservator, a trustee, a fiduciary, or
a successor in interest of the elder person, arising from a harm that
the public guardian taking charge was intended to prevent or
minimize.
   (2) Any costs incurred by the public guardian pursuant to
paragraph (1) shall be compensable as provided in Section 2902. Fees
collected by the public guardian pursuant to this chapter shall be
used for the activities described in this chapter.
   (b) When a public guardian has taken possession or control of the
property of an elder person pursuant to this chapter, the public
guardian shall exercise reasonable care to ensure that the reasonable
living expenses and legitimate debts of the elder person are
addressed as well as is practical under the circumstances.
   (c) Any person identified as a victim in a declaration described
in Section 2954 may bring an ex parte petition in the superior court
for an order quashing the certification issued by the public guardian
as provided in subdivision (c) of Section 2952.
   (1) Upon request by the petitioner, the court may defer filing
fees related to the petition, and order the public guardian to
authorize the release of funds from a financial institution to
reimburse the petitioner the filing fees from assets belonging to the
petitioner, but shall waive filing fees if the petitioner meets the
standards of eligibility established by subparagraph (A) or (B) of
paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 68511.3 of the Government
Code for the waiver of a filing fee.
   (2) The court shall quash the certification if the court
determines that there is insufficient evidence to justify the
imposition on the alleged victim's civil liberties caused by the
certification.
   (3) If the court determines that there is sufficient evidence to
justify the imposition on the alleged victim's civil liberties caused
by the certification, the court may, in its discretion, do one or
more of the following:
   (A) Order disbursements from the alleged victim's assets, as are
reasonably needed to address the alleged victim's needs.
   (B) Appoint a temporary conservator of the alleged victim's
estate, where the facts before the court would be sufficient for the
appointment of a temporary conservator under Section 2250.
   (C) Deny the petition.
   (D) Award reasonable attorney's fees to the respondent's attorney
from the victim's estate.



2954.  A declaration issued by a peace officer under this chapter
shall not be valid unless it substantially complies with the
following form:

                      DECLARATION
  PRINT OR TYPE
     My name is: ___________________________________.
  1. My badge number is: ___________________________.
     My office address and telephone number are:
     ________________________________________________
     ___
     ________________________________________________
     ___
     ________________________________________________
     ___.
     I am a duly sworn peace officer presently
  2. employed by ____________________________________
     ______________________________, in the County of
     ___________________, in the State of California.
     On _____ (date) I personally interviewed
     ________ (victim) at
     ______ a.m./p.m. at _______ (address). The
  3. victim resides
     at __________ (address, telephone number, and
     name of facility,
     if applicable).
     There is probable cause to believe that:
     (a) ___________________________________ (Victim)
     is substantially unable to manage his or her
     financial resources
     or to resist fraud or undue influence, and
     (b) There exists a significant danger the
     victim will lose all or
     a portion of his or her property as a result of
     fraud or
     misrepresentations or the mental incapacity of
     the victim, and
  4. (c) There is probable cause to believe that a
     crime is being
     committed against the victim, and
     (d) The crime is connected to the victim's
     inability to manage
     his or her financial resources or to resist
     fraud or undue
     influence, and
     (e) The victim suffers from that inability as a
     result of deficits
     in one or more of the following mental
     functions:
     INSTRUCTIONS TO PEACE OFFICER: CHECK
     ALL
     BLOCKS THAT APPLY:
     (A)    ALERTNESS AND ATTENTION
            Levels of arousal. (Lethargic, responds
     ( ) 1. only to vigorous
            and persistent stimulation, stupor.)
            Orientation. Person ______ Time _______
            (day, date,
     ( ) 2. month, season, year), Place _______
            (address, town,
            state), Situation ___________ (why am I
            here?).
            Ability to attend and concentrate. (Give
            detailed
     ( ) 3. answers from memory, mental ability
            required to
            thread a     needle.)
            INFORMATION PROCESSING
     (B)
            Ability to:
            Remember, i.e., short- and long-term
            memory,
            immediate recall. (Deficits reflected
            by: forgets
     ( ) 1.
            question before answering,     cannot
            recall names,
            relatives, past presidents, events of
            past 24 hours.)
            Understand and communicate either
            verbally or
            otherwise. (Deficits reflected by:
            inability to
     ( ) 2.
            comprehend questions, follow
            instructions, use words
            correctly or name objects; nonsense
            words.)
            Recognize familiar objects and persons.
            (Deficits
     ( ) 3. reflected by: inability to recognize
            familiar faces,
            objects, etc.)
            Understand and appreciate quantities.
     ( ) 4. (Perform simple
            calculations.)
            Reason using abstract concepts. (Grasp
            abstract aspects
     ( ) 5. of his or her situation; interpret
            idiomatic expressions or
            proverbs.)
            Plan, organize, and carry out actions
            (assuming physical
            ability) in one's own rational self-
     ( ) 6. interest. (Break
            complex tasks down into simple steps and
            carry them
            out.)
     ( ) 7. Reason logically.
     (C)    THOUGHT DISORDERS
            Severely disorganized thinking.
            (Rambling,
     ( ) 1.
            nonsensical, incoherent, or nonlinear
            thinking.)
     ( ) 2. Hallucinations. (Auditory, visual,
            olfactory.)
            Delusions. (Demonstrably false belief
     ( ) 3. maintained
            without or against reason or evidence.)
            Uncontrollable or intrusive thoughts.
            (Unwanted
     ( ) 4.
            compulsive thoughts, compulsive
            behavior.)
     (D)    ABILITY TO MODULATE MOOD AND AFFECT
            Pervasive and persistent or recurrent
            emotional state
            which appears severely inappropriate in
            degree to the
            patient's circumstances. Encircle the
            inappropriate
            mood(s):


      Anger                    Euphoria Helplessness
      Anxiety                      Depression Apathy
      Fear                 Hopelessness Indifference
      Panic                                Despair
      The property at risk is identified as, but
  5.  not limited to, the
      following:
      Bank account located at:______________________
                             (name, telephone
             number, and
                              address of the bank
             branch)
      Account number(s):____________________________
      Securities/other funds located at:____________
                           (name, telephone number,
                                  and address of
                             financial institution)
      Account number(s):____________________________
      Real property located at:___________
                                          (address)
      Automobile described as:_______
                                              (make,
      _____________
      model/color)
                          ______________________
                               (license plate number
      ___________
      and state)
      Other property described as:__________________
      Other property located at:____________________
      A criminal investigation will ( ) will not (
      ) be commenced against:
  6.  _______________________________________ for
          (name, address, and telephone number)
      alleged financial abuse.
      BLOCKS 1, 2, AND 3 MUST BE CHECKED IN ORDER
      FOR
      THIS DECLARATION TO BE VALID:
      ( ) 1. I am a peace officer in the county
             identified above.
             I have consulted concerning this case
             with a
             supervisor
             in the county's adult protective
             services agency who has
             signed below, indicating that he or
             she concurs that,
      ( ) 2.
             based on the information I provided to
             him or her, or
             based on information he or she
             obtained independently,
             this declaration is warranted under
             the circumstances.
             I have consulted concerning this case
             with an individual
      ( ) 3.
             qualified to perform a mental status
             examination.
             _______________________________________
             Signature of Declarant Peace Officer
             _______________________________________
             Date
             _______________________________________
             Signature of Concurring Adult
             Protective
             Services
             Supervisor



2955.  Nothing in this chapter shall prohibit or restrict a public
guardian from undertaking any other proceeding authorized by law.